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FactcheckNewsDiscoloration of teeth - Indu's Dental Specialties

December 12, 20190
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1) Why it is caused?

Discoloration of teeth can either be yellow or brown /black or green
Yellow- (on the teeth surfaces)
Brown/black- (tobacco usage)
Green- deeper deposits in gums &tooth surfaces

  • Food/drinks like coffee, tea, coals, etc
  • Tobacco use causes brown discoloration of teeth
  • Poor oral hygiene: improper brushing process/technique
  • Medications: eg: tetracyclines, doxycycline, etc
  • Diseases: underdevelopment of enamel (congenital diseases), radiation chemotherapy & infections during pregnancy
  • Aging: due to enamel wear out
  • Genetics
  • Environment: Increased fluoride content in water causes fluorosis
  • Trauma: Decrease in blood flow to teeth which causes non-vitality of teeth

 

 

2) How to prevent it?

  • Brushing twice daily
  • Limit food &drinks like coffee tea etc
  • Use of straws to prevent discoloration when consuming beverages
  • Check on fluoride level in the water
  • Regular dental visits
  • Stop using tobacco
  • Flossing teeth
  • Mild abrasive toothpaste
  • Treatment /cure

 

3) When to go for treatment?

  • Bad breath
  • Bleeding, redness, swollen gums
  • Visible brown stains
  • White spots /brittle tooth surfaces

 

4) What is the treatment? what is in treatment?

  • Scaling: removing calculus &stains on tooth surfaces & polishing gums
  • Teeth whitening: teeth whiteners like hydrogen peroxide solution are used. Sometimes higher concentration of whitener or desensitizer can be used
  • Bonding: application of white resin on tooth surface & hardens with a curing light
  • Crowns: indicated in severe fluorosis, amelogenesis imperfecta (congenial diseases)
  • Veneers: custom-made porcelain shells on the superficial tooth surface

Post-operative care:

1)If veneers are placed avoid biting harder substances
2)Brushing twice daily with the proper brushing technique
3)Rinse after every meal
4)Floss once daily

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