1) Why it is caused?
Swollen Gums is a painful condition in which, gums are irritated, sensitive gums that bleed easily
- Gingivitis (gum disease)
- Poor oral hygiene
- Dry mouth
- Vitamin c deficiency
- Dental abscess
- Drugs (phenytoin, etc )
- Hormonal changes
- Smoking or chewing tobacco
- Older age
- Food particles stuck in teeth
- ILL-fitting dentures, crowns, etc
- Sharp teeth surfaces
- Impacted wisdom teeth
2) How to prevent it?
- Brushing twice daily &floss once daily
- Avoid sugary drinks /foods
- Avoid alcohol
- Avoid Tobacco
- Gentle toothpaste &mouth wash
- Avoid sharp foods like chips etc
- Periodic dental visits
3) When to go for treatment?
- Tender gums
- Bad breath
- Bleeding gums
- Receding gums
- Red or dark red gums
- Swollen or puffy gums
- Dry mouth
4) What Is treatment? What is done in treatment?
- Investigating the cause
- Scaling and removing calculus, and stains on tooth surfaces.
- Drug alterations in drug-induced swollen gums.
- Deep curettage – A process of removal of inflamed soft tissue with curettes.
- Flap surgery -outer gum tissues are gently folded back to give access to roots and supporting ligaments and bone tissues.
- Orthodontic treatment-for maligned teeth.
- Getting a new set of dentures.
- Regular oral prophylaxis
- Brushing twice daily & flossing once daily
- Monitoring general health
- Using mouthwash as prescribed by the dentist